OpenID Attribute Exchange is an OpenID service for exchanging identity information between endpoints. Messages for retrieval and storage of identity information are provided.
1.1. Definitions and Conventions
4. Fetch Message
4.1. Fetch Request Format
4.2. Fetch Response Format
5. Store Message
5.1. Store Request Format
5.2. Store Response Format
6. Security Considerations
7.1. Normative References
7.2. Non-normative References
§ Authors' Addresses
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119] (Bradner, S., “Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels,” March 1997.).
[NOTE: Update terminology based on final OpenID 2.0 draft.]
- (Or "End User".) A person with a digital identity who participates in OpenID based identity information exchanges using their client software, typically a web browser.
- Identity Data:
- A property of a digital identity in which the Property Name and Property Value are represented as a name-value pair.
- A user can have multiple personas as part of their identity. For example, a user might have a work persona and a home persona. A persona is a subset of the user's identity data.
- Identity Provider:
- Also called "IdP" or "Server". This is the OpenID Authentication server that a Consumer contacts for cryptographic proof that the End User owns the Claimed Identity.
- A site that requests identity data from an Identity Provider via the user's client.
For the purposes of this document, the extension namespace identifier for the attribute exchange service will be "ax".
The attribute exchange service is identified by the URI "http://openid.net/srv/ax/1.0" [NOTE: subject to change in following drafts].
An attribute is a unit of personal identity information that is identified by a unique URI. It may refer to any kind of information; see [Prop_List] (Hardt, D. and B. Ferg, “Attribute Properties for OpenID Attribute Exchange,” August 2006.) for some examples.
This service defines two additional message types for transferring attributes: fetch (see Section 4 (Fetch Message)) and store (see Section 5 (Store Message)). Fetch retrieves attribute information from an Identity Provider, while store saves or updates attribute information on the Identity Provider. Both messages originate from the Consumer site or service provider and are passed to the Identity Provider via the user agent as per the OpenID protocol specification.
The request parameters detailed here SHOULD be sent with OpenID Authentication checkid_immediate or checkid_setup requests. [NOTE: This portion of the spec will change depending on the final draft of OpenID 2.0.]
Error responses are communicated using the standard OpenID methods; see [OpenID_Auth] (Recordon, D., Hoyt, J., and B. Fitzpatrick, “OpenID Authentication 2.0,” July 2006.).
Discovery of the attribute exchange service is achieved via the mechanism described in [OpenID_Auth] (Recordon, D., Hoyt, J., and B. Fitzpatrick, “OpenID Authentication 2.0,” July 2006.). The attribute exchange namespace "http://openid.net/srv/ax/1.0" SHOULD be listed as an <xrd:Type> child element of the <xrd:Service> element in the XRDS discovery document.
The fetch message is used to retrieve personal identity attributes from an Identity Provider.
All of the following request fields are OPTIONAL, though at least one of "openid.ax.required" or "openid.ax.if_available" MUST be specified in the request. Separate "required" or "if_available" directives must be used for each identifier name referred to. Any identifier name referred to in a "required" or "if_available" parameter MUST have an associated "openid.ax.fetch.<identifier name>" parameter.
- openid.ax.fetch.<identifier name>
- Associates an identifier name with the attribute URI which is the value of this parameter. The name will be used as the lvalue in the fetch response message.
- The value of this parameter is an identifier name corresponding to a URI defined in an "openid.ax.fetch.<identifier name>". The Identity Provider must provide the identity information specified in this parameter or return an error condition.
- The value of this parameter is an identifier name corresponding to a URI defined in an "openid.ax.fetch.<identifier name>". The Identity Provider may provide the identity information specified in this parameter. Not including the information in the response does not constitute an error condition.
This example requests the required full name information, and the optional favourite dog information.
openid.ns.ax=http://openid.net/srv/ax/1.0 openid.ax.fetch.fname=http://example.com/schema/fullname openid.ax.fetch.fav_dog=http://example.com/schema/favourite_dog openid.ax.required=fname openid.ax.if_available=fav_dog
The fetch response message supplies the information requested in the fetch request in a format suitable for consumption by a standard HTML form processor. Each attribute is supplied with the assigned identifier name as the lvalue and the attribute value as the rvalue.
The response to the previous request example, in which the required full name information and the optional favourite dog information are both supplied.
fname="John Smith" fav_dog="Spot"
The store message is used to store personal identity information to the Identity Provider.
All of the following request fields are OPTIONAL. Any identifier name referred to in a "value" parameter MUST have an associated "openid.ax.label.<identifier name>" parameter.
- openid.ax.label.<identifier name>
- Associates an identifier name with the attribute URI which is the value of this parameter. The name will be used as a reference in an "openid.ax.value.<identifier name>" parameter.
- openid.ax.value.<identifier name>
- Assigns a value to the identifier with the name assigned by a "label" parameter.
openid.ns.ax=http://openid.net/srv/ax/1.0 openid.ax.label.fname=http://example.com/schema/fullname openid.ax.value.fname="Bob Smith"
The store response consists of an empty response message with the 200 HTTP response code as per the OpenID specification [OpenID_Auth] (Recordon, D., Hoyt, J., and B. Fitzpatrick, “OpenID Authentication 2.0,” July 2006.).
|[OpenID_Auth]||Recordon, D., Hoyt, J., and B. Fitzpatrick, “OpenID Authentication 2.0,” July 2006.|
|[RFC2119]||Bradner, S., “Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels,” March 1997.|
|[Prop_List]||Hardt, D. and B. Ferg, “Attribute Properties for OpenID Attribute Exchange,” August 2006.|
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